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  • Authors: Cimeta, R. (Ribka); Utomo, T. C. (Tri); Paramasatya, S. (Satwika);

    Afghanistan is an area where narcoterrism is happening. In there, Taliban helped to launchthe process of opium production and trade it to the International world and makeAfghanistan as a contributor to the world's largest opium. By using the theory of liberalisminstitutional, the researcher trying to analize UNODC's effort to combat narcotic and howterrorism group get involved in that issuse. The purpose of this study is to determine thegrowth of opium situation in Afghanistan as well as the intervention of the Taliban, andthe efforts of UNODC to overcome this problem in the period of 2011-2014. The resultsshowed that in UNODC's effort, they found several obstacles as well as the reality thatshows the increasing amount of opium production program despite all the efforts they didto implements their country programme.

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  • Authors: Aziz, R. A. (Raju); Tjarsono, I. (Idjang);

    Cocaine become one of the highest demand of illegal drugs in the world. Cocaine development began from Andean Mountain which include Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. The biggest market for this type of drugs are in East Europe, Latin America, and South East Asia. The people like buying cocaine because it is easy to consume. The consumer also does not need much time to feel the effect. Cocaine can destroy the human body such as lung, liver, brain tissue, and panchreas.This research uses International Organization theory of Umar S. Bakhri. Qualitative method and library research are applied in this research. The sources of information that used in this research are taken from book, journal, news, and internet.This research explains the efforts of UNODC as International organization to reduce cocaine's development particulary in Peru. There are some hypothesis' to describe the efforts which implemented by UNODC. This research also describes the development of cocaine growth year per year after the intervention from UNODC. The results of this research indicate that UNODC's efforts can reduce the cocaine growth in Peru.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Oduor, Jacinta Anyango; Fernando, Francisca M. U.; Flah, Agustin; Gottwald, Dorothee; +4 Authors

    Over the past decade, countries have increasingly used settlements—that is, any procedure short of a full trial—to conclude foreign bribery cases and have imposed billions in monetary sanctions. There exists a gap in knowledge, however, regarding settlement practices around the world and the disposition of these monetary sanctions—notably through the lens of recovery of stolen assets. Left Out of the Bargain , a study by the Stolen Asset RecoveryInitiative (StAR), provides an overview of settlement practices by civil and common law countries that have been active in the fight against foreign bribery.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Open Knowledge Repos...arrow_drop_down
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  • Authors: Nugraheni, Dyartha Anindya; Utomo, Tri Cahyo; Pattipelohy, Shary Charlotte;

    Illicit drug trafficking is an example of Transnational Organized Crime. The location,geographical conditions and high demand of illegal drugs have made Indonesia highlyvulnerable towards a member of drug crime activities. Iran is the second largest country thatsmuggles drugs of Shabu to Indonesia. In tackling illicit drug trafficking from Iran toIndonesia, the National Narcotics Board (BNN) initiating cooperation with United NationsOffice on Drug and Crime (UNODC). Descriptive Analytic approach is used to explain theform and result of BNN and UNODC cooperation. The result of this research shows that eventhough supports have been given to BNN, the issue has not been succesfully tackled. UNODCand BNN need to improve efforts in combating illicit drug trafficking to keep Indonesiasecured and prosper.

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  • Authors: Oktavia, M. (Medyna); Susiatiningsih, H. (Hermini); Farabi, N. (Nadia);

    Myanmar is the second biggest producer of opium in the world after Afghanistan. Opiumproduction in Myanmar is taking place in Golden Triangle region where is vulnerable topoverty and armed conflict. Although poppy cultivation and opium production has beendeclared illegal by the Government through Act of 1974, most society still commit thecrime. On the other hand, UNODC has established cooperation with Myanmar since 2002but failed to reduce the number of opium production. The cooperation has resulted inseveral policies such as International Crop Monitoring Program and AlternativeDevelopment. Implementation of these policies lose ground due to the increase in opiumproduction. This study tries to analyze the causes of the failure of cooperation using realistapproach combined with evaluative framework borrowed from public administration. Thisstudy argues that UNODC has no bargaining power towards Myanmar so it failed to forceMyanmar comply the agreement. In addition, the failure also caused by conflict of interestbetween both parties while in implementing the agreement.

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    Authors: Deruiter, Rebecca; Vermeulen, Gert;
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Ghent University Aca...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Ghent University Aca...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Akdemir, Betül; Jensen, Rachel Jeanette Zozula;

    The global drug problem has been identified as one of the greatest threats to society. The problem is however diagnosed distinctively and the measures to counter it are thus disagreed upon. In this project the ways in which respectively UN agencies and civil society networks have framed the problem are analyzed. Main documents of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime are scrutinized and contrasted to the international Drug Policy Consortium’s main advocacy paper. Constructivist theories about international organizations are used to understand how the self-identity of the UN determines its interests and behavior, and how it influences policies by the power of its ideas and expertise. Theories of transnational advocacy networks explain how these make use of complex techniques of pressuring to gain influence on the interests and moral ideas of the UN as well as its member states. On the basis of the key documents and the chosen theories, it is argued that the drug issue is framed in ways that legitimize the authority of each actor and broadens the spectrum of their influence. Their interests and behaviors are thus determined by their ideas and self-identities.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Roskilde Universitet...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Roskilde Universitet...arrow_drop_down
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  • Authors: Putra, Adhimukti Parama; Windiani, Reni; P, Shary Charlotte;

    Crystalline methamphetamine, also known in Indonesia as sabu, is a kind of illegal drugthat is currently getting high demand in Indonesia. Based on the information from BNNand UNODC the number of drug use and trafficking of crystalline methamphetamine inIndonesia is really high. Indonesia in this position really need UNODC recommendationsto overcome this new kind of drug. Based on the background, this research's purpose is toshow how Indonesian Government's implementing partnership with UNODC against illicitdrug trafficking crystalline methamphetamine in Indonesia in 2007-2013. If we look at thetheme and the topic, The purpose of this research is to evaluate the process of cooperationbetween the Indonesian government and UNODC against drug trafficking of crystallinemethamphetamine in Indonesia from 2007 to 2013. Cooperation between the two sides hasbeen running well if we see the increasing number of arrested person which wassuccessfully carried out by Indonesian law enforcement in 2007-2013. crystallinemethamphetamine crime still exist in Indonesia nowadays, though due to several factors,such as the type of the drug itself that is easy to manufacture and materials that can bereplaced with other materials and tools manufacture that can be easily found, place-makingwhich can be done in a small laboratory, a geographical location of Indonesia, and thecontrol problem of the Indonesian law enforcement.

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    Authors: Brůžková, Adéla;

    Tato práce se věnuje boji proti obchodu s drogami na úrovni 3 organizací: OSN, OAS a Europolu. Ani jedné z organizací se však bojovat proti drogám výrazně nedaří, i přes to, že je sepsáno mnoho dokumentů, které se zabývají tím, jak danou problematiku regulovat. U každé organizace jsou představeny důležité úřady v boji proti drogám, klíčové smlouvy, které pomáhaly boj proti drogám výrazně formovat, a praktické příklady států, kde organizace proti obchodu s drogami bojují (u příkladu Europolu region EU). Jak je ale z analýz příkladů znatelné, nebyly ještě nalezeny účinné protidrogové politiky, a to i proto, že se drogové gangy dokáží přizpůsobovat novým trendům. Obhájeno This thesis focuses on the fight against drug trafficking at the level of 3 organisations: the UN, the OAS and Europol. However, none of the organisations have been very successful in combating drugs, despite the fact that many documents have been written on how to regulate the issue. For each organisation, important authorities in the fight against drugs, key treaties that have helped shape the fight against drugs significantly, and practical examples of countries where organisations are fighting the drug trade (for the Europol example, the EU region) are presented. However, as is evident from the analysis of the examples, effective drug policies have not yet been found, not least because drug gangs are able to adapt to new trends.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Digital Library Univ...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Digital Library Univ...arrow_drop_down
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Yapsan, Hikmet;

    Since the inception of modern police organizations, the police have been on the front lines of counter terrorism operations. The changing concept of terrorism into a more transnational nature has driven police organizations to devise new means to counter this challenge. International police cooperation on countering transnational terrorism is the product of this evolution. There have been several initiatives to build a competent and effective international police cooperation organization to fight against transnational terrorism, and new ones are steadily proposed by different stakeholders in the international arena. Without understanding what makes an international police cooperation organization effective in countering transnational terrorism, these initiatives will only yield to further duplication of efforts, waste of resources, and a steep decrease in the overall performance of those organizations. This project analyzes four international police cooperation organizations using the level of structural relations within the organization and geographic proximity as the independent variables. The cases are evaluated based on the performance of these organizations in achieving three organizational functions information exchange, ad hoc assistance and capacity building, and policy coordination and contracting. http://archive.org/details/internationalpol109457435 Police Inspector, Turkish National Police

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Calhoun, Institution...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Calhoun, Institution...arrow_drop_down
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  • Authors: Cimeta, R. (Ribka); Utomo, T. C. (Tri); Paramasatya, S. (Satwika);

    Afghanistan is an area where narcoterrism is happening. In there, Taliban helped to launchthe process of opium production and trade it to the International world and makeAfghanistan as a contributor to the world's largest opium. By using the theory of liberalisminstitutional, the researcher trying to analize UNODC's effort to combat narcotic and howterrorism group get involved in that issuse. The purpose of this study is to determine thegrowth of opium situation in Afghanistan as well as the intervention of the Taliban, andthe efforts of UNODC to overcome this problem in the period of 2011-2014. The resultsshowed that in UNODC's effort, they found several obstacles as well as the reality thatshows the increasing amount of opium production program despite all the efforts they didto implements their country programme.

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  • Authors: Aziz, R. A. (Raju); Tjarsono, I. (Idjang);

    Cocaine become one of the highest demand of illegal drugs in the world. Cocaine development began from Andean Mountain which include Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. The biggest market for this type of drugs are in East Europe, Latin America, and South East Asia. The people like buying cocaine because it is easy to consume. The consumer also does not need much time to feel the effect. Cocaine can destroy the human body such as lung, liver, brain tissue, and panchreas.This research uses International Organization theory of Umar S. Bakhri. Qualitative method and library research are applied in this research. The sources of information that used in this research are taken from book, journal, news, and internet.This research explains the efforts of UNODC as International organization to reduce cocaine's development particulary in Peru. There are some hypothesis' to describe the efforts which implemented by UNODC. This research also describes the development of cocaine growth year per year after the intervention from UNODC. The results of this research indicate that UNODC's efforts can reduce the cocaine growth in Peru.

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    Authors: Oduor, Jacinta Anyango; Fernando, Francisca M. U.; Flah, Agustin; Gottwald, Dorothee; +4 Authors

    Over the past decade, countries have increasingly used settlements—that is, any procedure short of a full trial—to conclude foreign bribery cases and have imposed billions in monetary sanctions. There exists a gap in knowledge, however, regarding settlement practices around the world and the disposition of these monetary sanctions—notably through the lens of recovery of stolen assets. Left Out of the Bargain , a study by the Stolen Asset RecoveryInitiative (StAR), provides an overview of settlement practices by civil and common law countries that have been active in the fight against foreign bribery.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Open Knowledge Repos...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • Authors: Nugraheni, Dyartha Anindya; Utomo, Tri Cahyo; Pattipelohy, Shary Charlotte;

    Illicit drug trafficking is an example of Transnational Organized Crime. The location,geographical conditions and high demand of illegal drugs have made Indonesia highlyvulnerable towards a member of drug crime activities. Iran is the second largest country thatsmuggles drugs of Shabu to Indonesia. In tackling illicit drug trafficking from Iran toIndonesia, the National Narcotics Board (BNN) initiating cooperation with United NationsOffice on Drug and Crime (UNODC). Descriptive Analytic approach is used to explain theform and result of BNN and UNODC cooperation. The result of this research shows that eventhough supports have been given to BNN, the issue has not been succesfully tackled. UNODCand BNN need to improve efforts in combating illicit drug trafficking to keep Indonesiasecured and prosper.

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  • Authors: Oktavia, M. (Medyna); Susiatiningsih, H. (Hermini); Farabi, N. (Nadia);

    Myanmar is the second biggest producer of opium in the world after Afghanistan. Opiumproduction in Myanmar is taking place in Golden Triangle region where is vulnerable topoverty and armed conflict. Although poppy cultivation and opium production has beendeclared illegal by the Government through Act of 1974, most society still commit thecrime. On the other hand, UNODC has established cooperation with Myanmar since 2002but failed to reduce the number of opium production. The cooperation has resulted inseveral policies such as International Crop Monitoring Program and AlternativeDevelopment. Implementation of these policies lose ground due to the increase in opiumproduction. This study tries to analyze the causes of the failure of cooperation using realistapproach combined with evaluative framework borrowed from public administration. Thisstudy argues that UNODC has no bargaining power towards Myanmar so it failed to forceMyanmar comply the agreement. In addition, the failure also caused by conflict of interestbetween both parties while in implementing the agreement.

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    Authors: Deruiter, Rebecca; Vermeulen, Gert;
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    Authors: Akdemir, Betül; Jensen, Rachel Jeanette Zozula;

    The global drug problem has been identified as one of the greatest threats to society. The problem is however diagnosed distinctively and the measures to counter it are thus disagreed upon. In this project the ways in which respectively UN agencies and civil society networks have framed the problem are analyzed. Main documents of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime are scrutinized and contrasted to the international Drug Policy Consortium’s main advocacy paper. Constructivist theories about international organizations are used to understand how the self-identity of the UN determines its interests and behavior, and how it influences policies by the power of its ideas and expertise. Theories of transnational advocacy networks explain how these make use of complex techniques of pressuring to gain influence on the interests and moral ideas of the UN as well as its member states. On the basis of the key documents and the chosen theories, it is argued that the drug issue is framed in ways that legitimize the authority of each actor and broadens the spectrum of their influence. Their interests and behaviors are thus determined by their ideas and self-identities.

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  • Authors: Putra, Adhimukti Parama; Windiani, Reni; P, Shary Charlotte;

    Crystalline methamphetamine, also known in Indonesia as sabu, is a kind of illegal drugthat is currently getting high demand in Indonesia. Based on the information from BNNand UNODC the number of drug use and trafficking of crystalline methamphetamine inIndonesia is really high. Indonesia in this position really need UNODC recommendationsto overcome this new kind of drug. Based on the background, this research's purpose is toshow how Indonesian Government's implementing partnership with UNODC against illicitdrug trafficking crystalline methamphetamine in Indonesia in 2007-2013. If we look at thetheme and the topic, The purpose of this research is to evaluate the process of cooperationbetween the Indonesian government and UNODC against drug trafficking of crystallinemethamphetamine in Indonesia from 2007 to 2013. Cooperation between the two sides hasbeen running well if we see the increasing number of arrested person which wassuccessfully carried out by Indonesian law enforcement in 2007-2013. crystallinemethamphetamine crime still exist in Indonesia nowadays, though due to several factors,such as the type of the drug itself that is easy to manufacture and materials that can bereplaced with other materials and tools manufacture that can be easily found, place-makingwhich can be done in a small laboratory, a geographical location of Indonesia, and thecontrol problem of the Indonesian law enforcement.

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    Authors: Brůžková, Adéla;

    Tato práce se věnuje boji proti obchodu s drogami na úrovni 3 organizací: OSN, OAS a Europolu. Ani jedné z organizací se však bojovat proti drogám výrazně nedaří, i přes to, že je sepsáno mnoho dokumentů, které se zabývají tím, jak danou problematiku regulovat. U každé organizace jsou představeny důležité úřady v boji proti drogám, klíčové smlouvy, které pomáhaly boj proti drogám výrazně formovat, a praktické příklady států, kde organizace proti obchodu s drogami bojují (u příkladu Europolu region EU). Jak je ale z analýz příkladů znatelné, nebyly ještě nalezeny účinné protidrogové politiky, a to i proto, že se drogové gangy dokáží přizpůsobovat novým trendům. Obhájeno This thesis focuses on the fight against drug trafficking at the level of 3 organisations: the UN, the OAS and Europol. However, none of the organisations have been very successful in combating drugs, despite the fact that many documents have been written on how to regulate the issue. For each organisation, important authorities in the fight against drugs, key treaties that have helped shape the fight against drugs significantly, and practical examples of countries where organisations are fighting the drug trade (for the Europol example, the EU region) are presented. However, as is evident from the analysis of the examples, effective drug policies have not yet been found, not least because drug gangs are able to adapt to new trends.

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    Authors: Yapsan, Hikmet;

    Since the inception of modern police organizations, the police have been on the front lines of counter terrorism operations. The changing concept of terrorism into a more transnational nature has driven police organizations to devise new means to counter this challenge. International police cooperation on countering transnational terrorism is the product of this evolution. There have been several initiatives to build a competent and effective international police cooperation organization to fight against transnational terrorism, and new ones are steadily proposed by different stakeholders in the international arena. Without understanding what makes an international police cooperation organization effective in countering transnational terrorism, these initiatives will only yield to further duplication of efforts, waste of resources, and a steep decrease in the overall performance of those organizations. This project analyzes four international police cooperation organizations using the level of structural relations within the organization and geographic proximity as the independent variables. The cases are evaluated based on the performance of these organizations in achieving three organizational functions information exchange, ad hoc assistance and capacity building, and policy coordination and contracting. http://archive.org/details/internationalpol109457435 Police Inspector, Turkish National Police

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